With this Parasha we begin the 4th book of our Torah: Bamidbar, which means “in the desert.”
The book of Bamidmar narrates what happens to Am Israel from the 2ndyear we were in the desert, covering the 39 remaining years.
The parasha begins with the census Hashem ordered after the inauguration of the Mishkan.
In charge of the census were, Moshe, Aaron, and the leaders of each of the Tribes of Israel.
The were counted by collecting half-shekel coin “Majhazit Hashekel” from each.
El conteo era por medio de una moneda de medio ciclo: "Majhazít Hashékel". Each male over the age of 20 introduced the coin into an urn, and so the coins were counted and not the people directly.
The total number of Bnei Israel after the census: 603,550 men between the ages of 20 and 60.
The census did not include the Leviim which were 22,000 people, counted from the age of 1 month.
The Parasha continues by mentioning the division and the order of Bnei Israel in 4 groups:
1st: Yehuda, Yissachar, Zevulun, were in front toward the East.
2nd:Ruven, Shimon and Gad they were on the Southern side.
3rd: Dan, Asher, Naftali they were on the Northern side.
4th: Efraim, Menashe, and Binyamin, they were on the back toward the West.
In the center was the Mishkan and was surrounded on all four sides by the Leviim, as its honor guards.
The Kohanim and Moshe camped, near the entrance to the Mishkan.
This position was while Bnei Israel camped.
When the Cloud of Glory (which always remained over the Mishkan) moved, Bnei Israel proceeded in formation according to Hashem´s specifications.
Each tribe had its own banner and its own flag, and the Kohanim sounded their trumpets to and from the camp. All this march lasted 40 years !!
The Leviim were in charge of the sacred work. Initially this work belonged to the firstborn of each tribe, having been saved in the last plague in Egypt, but because they were involved in the sin of the Golden Calf, this privilege was taken away and given to the Leviim who did not participate in this act.
Then he parasha continues mentioning the families of the Leviim. The specific labor and the location around the Mishkan of each family was mentioned.
Of the three Levite families, Gershon, Kehat, and Merari transported the Sanctuary. The family of Kehat was given the task of carrying the holiest of vessels, including the Kodesh Hakadoshim!!!