In Loving Memory of our Dear Parents

Benjamin Assa & Rebeca Assa z"L

Parasha Chukat

The Parasha begins with the “Laws of the Red Heifer,”

through its ashes people could purify themselves from the impurity acquired by coming in contact with a dead person. 

In total 9 red heifers have existed, which their ashes purified the People for more than 1000 years during the times of the Beit Hamikdash.

On the tenth of Nissan of the fortieth year in the wilderness, Miriam passes away...”And there was no water for the congregation,” in her merit the People had drinking water during the 40 years in the wilderness.

Bnei Israel found themselves in tremendous distress after the Well suddenly disappeared, andThe people complainedto Moshe and Aaron: “Why have you made us come out of Egypt, to bring us into this evil place?”

Hashem instructs Moshe to “gather the congregation together, you and Aaron your brother; and you shall speak to the rock before their eyes, and it shall give forth its water.”

But Moshe, feeling the People´s pressure, lifted up his hand and with his rod struck the rock twice, and water came out in abundance.

Immediately Hashem tells Moshe and Aaron: “Because you did not believe in Me, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this congregation into the Land which I have promised them.” 

Arriving to Hor Hahar, Hashem announces to Moshe and Aaron that Aaron shall die, and instructs Moshe to take Aaron, and Aaron’s son Elazar, up to the top of the mountain, where he should dress Elazar in Aaron’s priestly garments, and there Aaron will die. When all of the congregation learned of Aaron´s passing, they wept for 30 days, all the house of Israel.

After Aaron´s passing, the people of Arad attacked the children of Israel, taking with them some Jews as captives, because it was Aaron´s merit that the 7 Clouds of Glory protected Am Israel, but with Aaron´s death, the Clouds no longer existed.

In tremendous despair the People beg Hashem for the recuperation of the captives, and that is how the people of Arad are defeated and the captives are rescued.

The Clouds of Glory were only briefly absent from the Camp. Hashem restored them to Am Israel, in the merit of Moshe.

Once again the People complain to Moshe about the long journey through the desert and the mann (Heavenly food), which is why Hashem sends serpents to attack the People.

Hashem said to Moshe: “Make for yourself a serpent, and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass that every one who is bitten, when he looks heavenward, he shall live.” 

Then a great miracle occurs at the River Arnon, as the Emorite soldiers were approaching to attack Bnei Israel, Hashem moved the two mountain ranges until they smacked together, crushing all the enemy soldiers. After discovering the great miracle Hashem had performed for them, they sang a song of praise about the wonderful Well of Miriam that had revealed the great miracle for them!!

The Parasha concludes by mentioning the first two conquests of Am Israel: the 1st with Sichon and the 2nd with Og the king of Bashan.

Perasha Korach

This Torah portion tells the story of Korach. 

Korach was a very wealthy and intelligent Yehudi that had everything one can ask for. He was an important leader of Israel, but let himself be manipulated and influenced by Dasan and Aviram (two bad characters). 

Unfortunately jealousy got the best of Korach. Korach together with 250 tribal judges, rebelled and contested the authority of Moshe and Aharon, accusing them of abusing their power, creating a dictatorship and only showing prefiencial statuses towards the Cohanim. 

Moshe tried to talk with them and said, "Take the necessary elements to present before G-D "Ketoret" (Holy Incense), and like this we will ultimately see who is the man that G-D has chosen as His Messenger ... 

And so it happened each one took the holy incense and presented it at the entrance of the Mishkan in front of Moshe and Aharon.  

The floor began to shake until the ground opened its mouth and swallowed Korach, Dasan and Aviram together with their families and all of their belongings.  

The ground above them then closed and they disappeared from the surface. 

Then G-D sent a blazing lightning that consumed the 250 judges involved in the incense. 
The People of Israel, upset by the misfortunate occurrence that had just happened, decided to face off against Aaron and Moses. 

G-D's let out his anger against the people causing a plague with a death toll of 14,700 victims! 

Seeing this Aharon hurried and offered a Ketoret offering to G-D and that's how the plague stopped. 

Then G-D ordered Moshe to seek a wood rod (Scepter) from the representatives of each tribe. On each rod to write the name of the representative, and on the staff of Levi write the name of Aaron. Then to be placed inside of the Ohel moed. 

The next day the staff that has flowers on it will be the person chosen by G-D. 

This was done, and the very next day the rod of Aaron had blossomed. Moshe showed the People. G-D Ordered him to keep this staff in memory of the rebellion ... in order that no additional deaths occur. 

The Perasha ends mentioning the important responsibility of the Kohanim and Leviím to guard the sanctity of the Mishkan, and the obligation of the Jewish people to tithe 10 percent of their income to the Leviim and the Kohanim for being G-D's servants. 

Shabbat Shalom !!


Parasha Behaalotecha

This Parasha explains various events and mitzvot:

- It begins detailing Hashem´s indication to Aaron on the mitzvah of preparing and lighting the Menorah: the candelabra containing 6 arms which needed to point to the central arm.

_It continues explaining the process the Leviim must go through in order to initiate the Holy Services. A Levi became an apprentice in the Sanctuary at the age of 25. After studying for 5 years, he could begin the actual service a the age of 30. He would retire from the heavy work load at the age of 50, turning to lighter tasks. 

-One year after leaving Egypt, Moshe repeated to Bnei Israel the detailed laws of Pesaj. They offered the Korban Pesaj, but those who were impure were 
unable to do the Mitzvah, but had the opportunity to do so the following month, “Pesaj Sheni.” This mitzvah was only performed in the times of the Sanctuaries, nowadays we only celebrate it as a remembrance. 
-The Clouds of Glory settled upon the Mishkan, and according to their movement the Bnei Israel would settle or depart. And with the sound of the trumpets blown by the Kohanim, the wars, holidays and departures would be announced. 

-The Torah speak
s about Yitro, Moshe´s father-in-law, who coverts to Judaism in the wilderness. He is renamed to Chovaiv, Lover of the Torah, after his conversion to Judaism. 

The Parasha continues with the narration of the rebels who began complaining and criticizing the slow pace when walking , and this negative attitude angered Hashem, and a terrible fire consumed the guilty.

- The Egyptian converts began to complian about their inability to satisfy their cravings, since they were fed up with the Man. Hashem was very angry and a fire fell from Heaven and devoured the instigators of the Egyptian converts.


-The fire also consumed the souls of the Elders of the Sanhedrin, they had been liable to the death penalty since matan Torah, for having derived enjoyment from the sight of the Shechina.


-Hashem grants Moshe´s request and appoints 70 new Elders who will assist him in his leadership and Moshe shares his ruach hakodesh with the Elders. 

Also t
wo great Sages among Our people, Eldad y Medad, as gift received prophecy for acting humbly and believing that they were underserving of their position.

And suddenly a swarm of slavs (quails) fell on the Camp, and the People hunted and collected them. Hashem´s anger shook the People sending a mortal plague.

This place was called “Graves of the Lusters,” Kivros Hata'ava, because the lusters for meat had perished there. 

- The Parasha 
ends with the sad event of Miriam speaking Lashon Hara to Aharon about their brother Moshe, in reference to the woman he had taken a as wife. And they said: “Did Hashem only speak with Aharon?” and Hashem heard them and Called them into the Sanctuary, and Hashem said to them “When I direct myself towards you it is through a dream, Moshe´s prophecy is different.  I speak to him faced to face, with perfect clarity. How could you have spoken like hat about My Loyal Servant Moshe?”  and Miriam was covered with leprosy.  Moshe begged Hashem to heal  Miriam.  

And the Parasha concludes when Miriam remains out of the camp for 7 days, and the People refuse to continue their travels until Miriam´s return…"

Parasha Naso

The name of the Parasha Naso signifies “census”, since Moshe was commanded to count the Leviim between the ages of 30 and 50 to see who was fit for the avoda (work) of the Sanctuary.

The total Leviim counted fit for the avoda was: 8580 people. 

The Parasha continues by mentioning 4 laws:

1. Laws concerning impure people who had leave the camp.

2. Laws concerning theft

3. Laws concerning the Sotah: the woman suspected of adultery.

4. Laws concerning the Nazir: a person who makes a voluntary vow to refrain from drinking wine, shearing his hair, and having contact with the dead, including his parents. He sanctifies himself during his period of Nezirut. After his term of nezirut the nazir brings a serious of sacrifices. The nazir´s hair which had grown freely throughout the nezirut, is now completely shorn and burnt in the fire beneath the peace offering.

Hashem told Moshe to command the Kohanim to bless the Jewish people every day during the day-time prayers, in the Diaspora, we recite Birkat kohanim only on the Yamim Tovim.

" Yebarejejá Hash'm Veishmeréja ...".

The last chapter tells of the inauguration of the Mishkan, in which the 12 nesiim (leaders) of each tribe brought sacrifices for 12 consecutive days.
The Parasha concludes with the verse: “And when Moshe came into the Mishkan to speak with Him, he heard the very voice Voice that he had heard at Har Sinai. Now it came form the kaporet that was upon the aron from between the two keruvim, and from there the Voice spoke to him.” 

¡¡ Shabbat Shalom and Besorot Tovot !! 

Perasha Bamidbar

With this Parasha we begin the 4th book of our Torah: Bamidbar, which means “in the desert.”


The book of Bamidmar narrates what happens to Am Israel from the 2ndyear we were in the desert, covering the 39 remaining years.


The parasha begins with the census Hashem ordered after the inauguration of the Mishkan.


In charge of the census were, Moshe, Aaron, and the leaders of each of the Tribes of Israel.


The were counted by collecting half-shekel coin “Majhazit Hashekel” from each.

El conteo era por medio de una moneda de medio ciclo: "Majhazít Hashékel". Each male over the age of 20 introduced the coin into an urn, and so the coins were counted and not the people directly.


The total number of Bnei Israel after the census: 603,550 men between the ages of 20 and 60.


The census did not include the Leviim which were 22,000 people, counted from the age of 1 month.


The Parasha continues by mentioning the division and the order of Bnei Israel in 4 groups:

1st: Yehuda, Yissachar, Zevulun, were in front toward the East.

2nd:Ruven, Shimon and Gad they were on the Southern side.

3rd: Dan, Asher, Naftali they were on the Northern side.

4th: Efraim, Menashe, and Binyamin, they were on the back toward the West.


In the center was the Mishkan and was surrounded on all four sides by the Leviim, as its honor guards.


The Kohanim and Moshe camped, near the entrance to the Mishkan.

This position was while Bnei Israel camped.


When the Cloud of Glory (which always remained over the Mishkan) moved, Bnei Israel proceeded in formation according to Hashem´s specifications.


Each tribe had its own banner and its own flag, and the Kohanim sounded their trumpets to and from the camp. All this march lasted 40 years !!


The Leviim were in charge of the sacred work. Initially this work belonged to the firstborn of each tribe, having been saved in the last plague in Egypt, but because they were involved in the sin of the Golden Calf, this privilege was taken away and given to the Leviim who did not participate in this act.


Then he parasha continues mentioning the families of the Leviim. The specific labor and the location around the Mishkan of each family was mentioned.


Of the three Levite families, Gershon, Kehat, and Merari transported the Sanctuary. The family of Kehat was given the task of carrying the holiest of vessels, including the Kodesh Hakadoshim!!! 

Parasha Behar-Bechukotai

This Parasha speaks about the laws concerning two mitzvoth: “Shemitta” and “Yovel.”

Hashem communicates to Moshe the laws of “Shemitta,” Sabbatical year: every seventh year, all work on the land should stop, all types of agricultural activities must rest. 

During Shemitta all private ownership of the produce of the fields and vineyards is annulled and all of its produce becomes available for whomever desires them, the poor, even animals can serve themselves. 

Also in the year of "Shemitah" all personal debts are cancelled

After the 7th Shemitta (7x7=49), the 50th year is called Yovel, (Jubilee); in which all fields are returned to their original owners. 

During Yovel the fields were not worked, just as in Shemitta. All the fields become public property. Therefore, there were two successive years of rest for the land, the forty-nine and the fiftieth. 

All slaves were liberated in Yovel.

Like the laws of Shemitta, those of Yovel, indicated that Hashem is the sole owner of all of our belongings and what we have is only a loan. 

Nowadays, the laws of Shemitta are only observed in Eretz Israel, however the laws of Yovel are not observed for legal reasons.

The Parasha also mentions these mitzvoth:
Prohibition against overcharging.
Prohibition of lending or borrowing with interest from a Jew
Prohibition against Hurting Another Jew´s Feelings Verbally

And the Parasha concludes....”You shall keep My Sabbaths and fear My Sanctuary. I am the Lord”




Parasha Buchukotai is the last parasha of Sefer Vayikra. 

In the 1st part, we read about Hashem´s warning to the people of Israel:

If you follow My statutes and observe My commandments and perform them, I will give your rains in their time, the Land will yield its produce, and the tree of the field will give forth its fruit....and you will live in security in your land.

….”But if you do not obey me and you belittle My precepts and My orders cause you aversion, I will also act that way with you!!!”

Hashem presents two alternatives and predicts and announces the results of both.

It continues mentioning the different contributions a person could donate or promise for the Temple (money, animals, possessions, properties).  

Then it speaks about the tithe of the animals and the tenth of all the products from the field, one must separate. 


And this is the way this Parasha and Sefer Vayikra conclude!


Parasha Emor

The first part of the Parasha speaks about the laws concerning the Kohanim, laws which are in effect today, too.

- A Kohen is prohibited from having any contact with the deceased, except for his spouse, parents, children, brothers, and unmarried sisters.

-"Met Mitzvah"is a corpse found in a deserted spot where there is no one near by to perform the burial, the Kohen must bury the dead body.

-The Torah prohibits the Kohen from marrying a divorced woman, a converse or a daughter born from a forbidden union.

-A Kohen with a physical defect was not be permitted to perform the services in the Beit Hamikdash.

-The Kohen Gadol could not have any contact with a dead body except to bury a “MET MITZVAH.”

The Kohen Gadol is more restricted in choosing a wife than the Kohen because of his superior holiness, the Kohen Gadol could not marry a divorced woman, a converse, a daughter born from a forbidden union or a widow.

The Parasha continues detailing the “Yamim Tovim” and the laws pertaining to each festival:

Shabat, Pesaj, Shavuot, Rosh-Hashaná, Yom Kippur, Succoth and Sheminí-Aseret.

Next, comes the commandment to light the Menorah, DAILY, inside the Sanctuary with pure olive oil. And the commandment to prepare WEEKLY the “Lechem Hapanim” (show breads) which were placed on the Table in the Sanctuary every Shabbat.


The Parasha ends with the episode of the blasphemer, “son of an Israelite woman and an Egyptian man” who pronounced and insulted Hashem´s Divine Four-Letter Name.

Hashem instructed Moshe to stone this Egyptian´s son, adding “This is the law for all generations... this sin incurs capital punishment by stoning.”

Perasha Ajare Mot - Kedoshim

Perashiot Tazria-Metzora

The Parashiot Tazria-Metzora are read together almost always, since both deal with different states of impurity that can affect a person.


Parasha Tazria continues with the laws of ritual impurity and purity, it begins by detailing the laws pertaining to the woman who just gave birth, 

If she gave birth to a boy, the law states that she was impure for 7 seven days, if she gave birth to a girl she was impure for 14 days and continued with 33 days in which she is still ´´affected,´´ and remained impure with all matters concerning the Bais Hamikdash.

After that, she was purified by offering two korbanot.

The Parasha continues defining the laws of impurity that affects the person stricken with tzaraat (leprosy). 

Leprosy was caused by a spiritual deficiency, that is why the person stricken was revised by a Kohen and not by a doctor. 

If the person was declared impure by the Kohen, he was isolated from the camp for 7 days. If on the 7th day he was not cured from all blemishes, the Kohen would once again declare him impure for 7 days and would revise him when those 7 days concluded. Once again he would be checked by the Kohen, if the spots disappeared he was declared pure!

The Parasha continues detailing the different cases of Tzaarat:
Inflammations, burns, leprosy on the face or head, clothes and utensils.

This parasha begins by Hashem commanding Moshe in regards to the Korbanot that the person cured from Tzaarat needed to bring in order to be purified.

"Metzorá" was the person affected by Tzáarat. 

And Hashem concludes the laws of Tzaarat by describing the symptoms and treatment of tzaarat on the walls of the house.

It continues discussing the halachot concerning impurities as a result of certain physical conditions “ZAB” for the man and “ZABA” for the woman.

And the Parasha explains when a man becomes ritually impure following seminal emissions and when a woman becomes ritually impure through her menstruation, uterine bleeding, and childbirth, a process known as NIDDA.

The Parasha ends with this phrase: “... and you should warn the Bnei Israel in regards to these impurities, to avoid perishing because of these impurities by profaning My Sanctuary...”

Parasha Shemini

This Parasha carries the name Shemini, because it narrates all that occurred on the 8th day of the inauguration of the Mishkan.

On day ´´Shemini,´´ 1st of Nissan 2449, one year after the exodus from Egypt, the Shechina descended upon the Mishkan.

Aharon and his sons took to the Altar 2 korbanot. The nation of Israel took 4 korbanot. And Aharon raised his hands and blessed the people with ´´Birkat Kohanim, ´´ the priestly blessing. 
A pillar of fire descended from the Heavens and consumed the sacrifices on the altar, all of Bnei Israel witnessed this miracle, they fell on their faces and praised Hashem. 

And then tragedy struck! Two of Aharon´s son, Nadav and Avihu, without consulting Moshe, decided to place their own fire on the mizbaya too. A Heavenly fire emerged from the Heavens and consumed them. 

Moshe, in complete dismay, consoles Aharon by telling him that Hashem had chosen his sons to sanctify His Great Name and that they should serve as an example for any one else who dared violate the laws of the Mishkan. 

Aharon kept silence and accepted Hashem´s judgement with serenity and faith. 

Moshe commands Mishael and Eltzafan, cousins of Aharon´s sons, to remove the corpses from the Mishkan. Moshe forbids Aharon and his two remaining sons, Elazar and Itamar, to exhibit any signs of mourning, since any interruption of the services of the Mishkan would ruin the joy felt by Am Israel. 
Aharon and his sons obeyed. 

Then Hashem warns Moshe and Aharon that they are not allowed to consume any alcoholic beverage prior to performing any priestly service. 

Moshe´s anger was kindled when he finds out Aharon´s sons did not eat their portion of the Rosh Chodesh sacrifice (something all Kohanim had to do). Aharon, in defense of his sons, tells Moshe that they had not participated in the sacrifice and were therefore not obligated to eat from it. Moshe accepts Aharon's defense and corrects his attitude. 

The last part of the Parasha speaks about Kashrut: ¨and these are the animals that you may eat and these are the ones that are forbidden to you...´´

The parasha continues by detailing the characteristics of the permitted and prohibited animals.

And the concluding passuk states ´´For I am the L rd your G d; you shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and you shall be holy, for I am holy . . .

DID YOU KNOW.... That on the last day of the Inauguration of the Mishkan (day Shemini) Hashem commanded that a kid goat be offered to atone for the sin of the sale Joseph?

This act atoned for the sin since after the sale the brothers dipped their clothing in the blood of a kid goat. Hashem chose this day to be appropriate because the sale of Joseph demonstrated the great rivalry that existed amongst the Tribes of Israel, and the Inauguration of the Mishkan had in its essence the purpose of uniting all of Am Israel. 

And here lies the importance of why all Yehudim need to love one another, help one another, respect each other and look after each other´s needs, so we can fulfill Hashem´s Will and with this unity bring Mashiaj in our days!!!! AMEN

Parasha Tzav

The commandments of this Parasha are specifically addressed to the Kohanim in relation to the Korbanot.

For years the Kohanim were trained on how to do the holy yet arduous sacrifices.

The Jew (not Kohen) had minimal participation in the process of the Korbanot, all he had to do was bring the animal, and before sacrificing it, he had to put his hands over the animal´s head and identify himself as the owner of the animal, assuming guilt and all they will do to the innocent creature. 

Thereafter, the entire procedure was done by the Kohen, with agility and speed they fulfilled their sacred and difficult task.

Hashem commands Moshe to begin with the Inauguration of the Mishkan. Moshe calls Aharon and his sons, the kohanim, to train them in the donning of the priestly garments. Moshe then presents them to the congregation.

The ceremony continued with some Korbanot brought by Aharon and his sons. 
Moshe assumed the role of Kohen Gadol, first and only time, for the duration of the seven Inauguration Days. 

They then prepared and ate the meat of the Korbanot.

And Moshe ordered the Kohanim to seclude themselves for 7 days in the Sacred Precinct in order to concentrate spiritually for the initiation of the services in the Mishkan. 

And Aharon and his children fulfilled all that Moshe ordered by commandment of Hashem. 

DID YOU KNOW…That there are four categories of people who need to thank Hashem for the kindness He has done for them with the "Blessing of Thanksgiving"

a) One who has crossed the ocean (an overseas flight travel, etc.)

b) One who has crossed the desert

c) One who recovered from a very serious illness

d) One who was released from prison


Someone who has survived one of these four situations must say a special blessing of THANKSGIVING, “Birkat Hagomel.”



Our chachamin say that when Mashiach comes, all of the sacrifices once offered in The Temple will we annulled, except the “Thanksgiving Sacrifice.” Since there will be no more sins there will be no need for korbanot.   Either way when Mashiach comes, all the tefilot that refer to pain, loss, or suffering will be abolished since there will be NO more pain, instead we will only recited tefilot of gratitude and joy.


May we merit the coming of Mashiach soon in our days, when all suffering will end and an era of PURE joy and gratitude will begin!! AMEN

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