With the Jews leaving Egypt, Moshe takes along with him Joseph´s bones for burial in the Holy Land.
They left from the territory of Succoth and they were led by Hashem through a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night.
Wanting to mislead Pharaoh into thinking that the Jews had lost their way in the desert so that he and his army would chase them, Hashem orders the Bnei Israel to head back to Egypt.
When the people of Israel observed the Egyptian persecution, they claimed to Moshe,
"Are there no graves in Egypt, that you have taken us away to die in the wilderness? Why have you done this to us, to carry us out of Egypt?¨
They found themselves locked between the Yam Suf and the Egyptians!
Moshe tells them: "Fear not; stand by and see the salvation of G d, which He will show you today. For as you have seen Egypt this day, you shall not see them again any more forever.
Hashem orders the Jews to advance and to get into the sea.... And when part of Bnei Israel had entered the sea, Hashem commanded the sea to split, the water became solid walls and the Jews walked on dry land.
The Egyptians got in after them, but as the Hebrews advanced the dry land became mud for the Egyptians.
When all the Egyptians had entered the bed of the sea, Hashem commanded Moshe to stretch out his hand so that the waters should resume to their natural flow and drown the Egyptians, their horses and their riders.
And this is how it occurred that on the 7th day after leaving Egypt, the persecutors of Israel disappeared under the sea. (Except Pharaoh)
Upon seeing the great miracle, "The people feared G d, and they believed in G d and in Moses His servant, " then Moshe and all the children of Israel sang ¨Shirat Hayam,¨ with gratitude and thanks to Hashem. Headed by Miriam, Moshe´s sister, the women also participated in this ¨Shira.¨
But soon the children of Israel suffer a great transformation.
After having crossed the sea, they journey through the desert for three days straight. Exhausted they can´t find water.
All of a sudden they find find a well of water, but Hashem had made its waters bitter, and they call the place Mara, bitter. They complain to Moshe and Moshe cries out to Hashem.
Hashem orders Moshe to cast a piece of wood into the water, and miraculously the water converts into sweet drinking water.
And Hashem proclaims: ¨I am our G-D who cures.¨
Finding themselves without substance, once again the Bnei Israel, hungry, complain to Moshe and Aharon.
And Hashem heard their please, in the evening He made a wind blow which brought with it quails and in the morning with the fall of dew, the Heavenly bread descended, calling it mann.
The ¨mann¨ ,with a Heavenly flavor, had to be collected daily. If they collected more than what they needed, it spoiled. Only on Shabbat were they allowed to collect a double portion in honor of the Shabbat.
Some skeptics, would go out on Shabbat to look for ¨Mann¨ unable to find any. This provoked Hashem´s anger ,¨How many more miracles will I have to perform until you observe My mitzvoth and My teachings?¨He exclaimed.
They continued their journey and when they reached Refidim, there was no water once again.
Hashem orders Moshe to take his staff and to hit the rock, water flowed from the rock and the Bnei Israel were able to drink.
Our doubtful faith in Hashem brought as a consequence the war with Amalek. Moshe commands Yehoshua to choose strong and G-d fearing men to fight against Amalek.
Moshe, Aharon and Jhur (son of Miriam) ascended the top of hill to observe the battle. When Moshe raised his arms the Bnei Israel prevailed in battle , but when they weakened, Amalek prevailed. But Moshe soon felt his hands growing as heavy as iron, so Aharon and Jhur supported his hands until Amalek was defeated.
Hashem told Moshe, ¨Record in the Torah that the people of Amalek possessed the brazenness to attack the Jewish people after yetziat Mitzrayim, and therefore they were smitten by me.¨
Moshe built an altar to commemorate the miraculous war against Amalek.